Wisdom teeth develop between the ages of 17 and 25but sometimes they can appear later on. These teeth grow at the back of your gums and are the last teeth to come through. These teeth can be very valuable to the mouth especially when they are healthy and are properly aligned, but mostly, they are misaligned and therefore, require removal.
Misaligned wisdom teeth can result in severe pain, may damage other teeth and cause other dental issues. While in other cases, wisdom teeth may cause no apparent or immediate dental problems. Moreover, they are hard to clean because of their position at the back of mouth hence, they are more vulnerable to tooth decay and cause gum diseases.
Why are Wisdom Teeth Removed?
Wisdom teeth that are impacted but are not causing any problems, usually don’t need to be removed. This is because there is no proven advantage of doing this as it could carry the risk of further complications.
Sometimes, wisdom teeth that have been impacted or have not fully broken through the gum surface, can cause several dental problems accompanied by pain and discomfort. Food particles and bacteria can be stuck around the edge of the wisdom teeth, causing plaque, which can result in:
- Tooth Decay
- Pericoronitis (An infection caused by dental plaque)
- Cellulitis (An infection in the cheek and throat caused by bacteria)
- Gum disease or Gingivitis
- Abscess (Puss in your wisdom teeth or the surrounding tissue as a result of bacterial infection)
- Cysts and benign growths (A wisdom tooth that hasn’t cut through the gum, develops a cyst)
Wisdom teeth removal is only recommended when other treatments have not worked out such as using antibiotics, antiseptics and mouthwashes.
How Are Wisdom Teeth Removed?
The relative ease at which your dentist or oral surgeon can extract your wisdom teeth depends on the position and stage of development. Your dentist will be able to give you the best idea of what to expect during your pre-extraction exam. However, a wisdom tooth that is under the gums and is embedded in the jawbone will require an incision into the gums by the removal of the portion of the bone that lies over the tooth. Often, for a tooth in this situation, extraction is done in small and tiny sections rather than removing the tooth in one piece to minimize the amount of bone loss.
If you feel any kind of pain or hard sensation in your teeth, especially in your wisdom teeth, please contact Thorndike Implant and Dental Care Centre Kent.