Causes of the tooth decay

Tooth Decay is a process of destruction of the enamel of the tooth. It is caused by an acid made by bacteria present in the food, multiplied because of the food residue left inside the mouth because of improper cleaning which eats away the enamel and destroys the tooth. It can also result in tooth loss, infection, and severe toothache.

How does it start?       

Whenever you eat something and do not brush your teeth, a plaque or a sticky layer of bacteria forms on your teeth. And when you eat something sweet or drink something containing sugar, the bacteria in the plaque reacts with the sugar and produces an acid that eats through your teeth. The plaque keeps the acid connected with your teeth until they are rotten or cavities are formed.

Causes of tooth decay:

Tooth Decay and cavities occur when you do not clean your mouth properly or if you have a medical issue that remains untreated for long. There are some other causes of tooth decay such as:

Poor Dental Hygiene:

Not brushing your teeth regularly is a big cause of the tooth decay and cavities.


Sugar in your meal and sweet dishes are probably the main cause of cavities. They react with the bacteria in your mouth to form an acid that eats your tooth.

Lack of Fluoride:

Fluoride fights off the bacteria in your mouth. Lack of fluoride can cause the bacteria to grow and create cavities.

Problems caused by tooth decay:

Tooth decay and cavities are a normal condition among children because of their sweet diet and sugar taking habit but it can become a bigger problem for teenagers and adults. Gums begin to lose their grip on the teeth, which can expose the root of a tooth to the acid and then can cause root decay. Teeth roots are more likely to decay because of the softer tissues surrounding them.

Tips to stop tooth decay:

Here are some of the tips you can apply on yourself to prevent your teeth from decaying:

Brushing twice a day:

Brushing twice a day is very important for your oral health whether you are facing a tooth decay problem or not. Fluoride toothpaste also helps in preventing cavities and bacteria. Brushing after every meal and especially before going to bed is far more effective than brushing only in the morning.


There are places between your teeth where a toothbrush cannot reach. These places are often left uncleaned which is where cavities start and leave a hole in your teeth. Flossing cleans out everything stuck in your teeth and leaves no chance of cavities there.


A good mouthwash kills the bacteria in your mouth and leaves your mouth and breath fresh. It can reach everywhere in your mouth keeping it germ-free.

If none of this works and you still feel pain because of cavities and tooth decay in your mouth, you should consult with your dentist immediately because it can become a serious issue. Or you can contact a professional and experienced dentist by clicking on the given link:

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